Answer: a) 0 - It never has that meaning in any other verse in the New Testament, evidence is that it likely doesn't mean that in Matt 12:40 either.
Answer: b) sabbaton - Isn't it curious that the phrase "first day of the week" should be based on a translation of a word which means "sabbath," the seventh day of the week?
Answer: d) He didn't say - Jesus never said how long He would be in the grave. He said how long He would be in "the heart of the earth" but that phrase is not a reference to the grave.
Answer: b) False - "No man taketh it from me, but lay it down of myself, I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take <2983> it again. This commandment have I received <2983> of my Father." (John 10:18)
The word translated "take" would better be translated (as it most commonly is) as "received." The "word" power (Greek "exousia") is "authority" to do it as opposed to power from the Greek "dunamis" from which we get dynamite or physical power or ability to do something.
Notice also that the word "take" is from the same Greek word used for "have I received of my Father."
Jesus was dead; He could not do anything; He could not take life: He had to receive it just as Adam had to first receive life. If He was in any way less than dead, His sacrifice would not have paid the penalty for sin "For the wages of sin is death ..." (Rom 6:23) Here are verses that show that it was the Father that raised Him from the dead: Col 2:12, Rom 8:11, 1 Cor 6:14, 2 Cor 13:4, Eph 1:17-20.
Answer: a) Tuesday evening - The book gives details of the timing of the dinner at Simon's house. Judas left from there and ".. went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them." (Mark 14:10) Later, relating events before they reached the Garden it says: "And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely." (Mark 14:44) The betrayal, the deal, was made before the Garden. This marks the beginning of the three days and three nights time period. It was later, in the garden, when the actual handover (also referred to as betrayal but really the second stage of it) occurred.
Answer: a) right after sunset on Friday evening - "Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first." (Matt 28:62-64) The next verses describe how the watch was granted and set.
"The next day, that followed the day of the preparation" would be the Sabbath which starts at sunset. The priests were afraid the disciples would steal Jesus body. Of course, they could have stolen the body even on the first night and claimed anytime later that He had risen. The priests weren't taking any chances.
Answer: d) they didn't see Him - It was for fear of the angel who rolled away the stone that they "... became as dead men." (Matt 28:4) Jesus was likely resurrected well before this and the stone would have been no impediment to Him.
Answer: b) False - They were raised not at His death but after His resurrection. "And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many." (Matt 27:53)
Answer: d) all of the above - He died on Nisan 15 rather than Nisan 14 (you need to read the book to get the reasoning on this one).
He should have died within the city, in fact, within the temple but instead was crucified as a common criminal "without the gate" (Heb 13:12).
What lamb was ever crucified? He was released from God's protection so that He was subject to the will of man ("in the heart of the earth") to do with Him as they pleased and they "sacrificed" Him in the most cruel and humiliating manner. Don't think for a moment that God invented crucifixion.
Answer: a) John's home - The bible says of Mary that she saw the stone rolled away and "Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him." (John 20:2) Remember that Jesus said to John "... Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home." (John 19:27) After seeing the empty tomb for themselves, it says of Peter and John: "Then the disciples went away again unto their own home." (John 20:10) Apparently, they were at a location separate from the rest of the disciples.
Answer: c) the grave clothes - "Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed." (John 20:6-8) Had the tomb just been empty they would have thought the body had been stolen. Something unique about the grave clothes was proof of the resurrection. Read about it in the book.
Answer: b) He had not yet ascended to His Father - "Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father ..." (John 20:17)
Further evidence for this comes from the fact that a short time later "... as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him." (Matt 28:9) He allowed this and had evidently been to His Father in the intervening time.
Answer: b) the wave sheaf of first fruits - "But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept." (1 Cor 15:20)
Now that we are looking back to His resurrection, the ceremony that is to commemorate it is our personal baptism "Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life." (Rom 6:4)
Answer: d) that God always honor's our free will - Remember, whatever this was a sign of, it was the only sign that would be given. A case of allowing man to have his free will is not a sign; it is and always had been God's policy. But an instance where He allowed His only-begotten Son to be within the control of man ("in the heart of the earth") to do with as they pleased to the point of crucifying Him could surely be classed as a sign. The sign could not have been more extreme.